over my time of taking photos and using cameras i have accumulated lots of knowledge about how to take them. here are what i have now. feel free to comment if you have any ideas! letting you know that you may need a camera with fully manual controls when doing this, but even i dont have a fully manual camera so idk if these work great, but enjoy nonetheless. if you need manual for this, i will put a symbol next to it.
when shooting lightning, there are a few things to remember: set your camera to a slow shutter speed (such as 3-10 second though i dont recommend going to far over about 10 second as for camera shake). then set you ISO a bit lower (depends on the speed of the shutter you are using) so you dont get the lightning to bright. then, when you think there is going to be a strike, take a photo and wait. as lightning is very bright, it only needs the few milliseconds to come up on the image sensor. and dont forget your tripod and your lightning storm!!!2:
when wanting a nice, soft background blur, such as this photo,
you will need to step back, and zoom in. this will increase your focusing distance as well as increasing background blur, just compare
you can see the difference in the background blur, the lavender being zoomed in and the mushrooms close up, it just brings a nicer effect to the photo. 3:
if you are shooting in low light situations, then switch to a smaller f/stop number, which will open up the lens which will let more light into the sensor. preferably a prime-lens (a lens that has a fixed focal length like 35 instead of a zoom lens which could be 18-55 or so-on)is best for this as they usually have a f/number of 1-2 which is very good, but the problem with shooting like this is you need very precise control of the focus or it will put everything out of focus. also when using a point-and-shoot camera zooming out increases the light going into the sensor.4:
when buying a camera (i will talk about d-slr first), think about getting a lens kit. it may be cheaper to get the body only but if it comes with a lens it may be cheaper to get it with the lens as the body only could be $500 but the lens could be $400 and the kit could be $600 which saves you $300, so waiting is saving. of course, you might just want to upgrade to another camera and you already have a lens, get the body only. when buying a smaller point-and-shoot camera, think about: A; where you will be going with it, B; what you will be taking photos of and C; who you are buying it for. if you are wanting to go on a holiday to, say, Africa to take photos of wildlife and you are getting it for yourself, you should go for a camera with a good zoom on it, such as a bridge camera with 30 or more, which would give you around an equivalent focal length of about 700mm. if you are, again getting one for yourself, and wanting it for taking macro shots, then get a camera with a good f/ number and a good megapixel rating, but dont forget the zoom. or, if you are just getting one for a birthday present for recreational use, i suggest getting a mid range mix of zoom, megapixels, f/number and portability. but the choice is completely up to you!5:
when taking a photo, try changing the white balance to manual, through the menu in your camera. most cameras should have it, (mine does and i think it is about 4-5 years old) and it might not just be for changing an ugly, wrongly balanced shot, it could just be for an artistic expression or to try something new. 6:
when taking photos of wildlife that is moving from place to place very quickly and randomly, take the photo as soon as you can, as an opportunity may not present itself for a while. (i learnt this a while ago, when taking photos of cute birds in my oak tree)7:
when possible, try to take photos kneeling down on one knee, as for stability and also added support, you can put the camera on your knee to.8:
for this you will need a macro lens for use with your dslr. when taking close up photos of things, consider the investment of a macro lens. a macro lens produces life-size images, meaning that, if say, you were to put an ant on the image sensor which is 2cm by 1cm, and the ant is 2cm by 0.5 cm, when you take the photo, on the screen, which is, say, 6cm by 3 cm, the ant would come up being 6 cm by 1.5 cm. it makes a bit of difference.
thats all for now, keep commenting and supporting me, and i may find more tips soon!